The Future Of Law Enforcement!

In a previous blog I spoke to you with interesting facts about security cameras and how law enforcement using it, interestingly I pointed out that Britain has the most extensive public CCTV networks in the world, in 2008 it was estimated at 4.2 million cameras.

Nowadays it is becoming a much more complex world and as our world changes and grows so does the technology used to protect us.  It seems every time a new technology comes out, some enterprising criminal is there to find a way to use it to their advantages and then law enforcement takes it and adjusts it to fit their needs to help combat the threats.

Below are several examples of the latest technologies being looked at, in use, developing or in trial stages, to help law enforcement in identifying, reducing and protecting police officers from threat, harm and even death, while at the same time trying to uphold civilian safety.

While most of the items and stories outlined here are from our American neighbors, these techniques and technologies would for the most part not be allowed in Canada. Why? Because some of them are just outrageous and Canadians would oppose such tactics, but more so because Canadian laws would not permit them to be used. Our privacy laws are much tighter here and would need to be changed before even being considered. Take microwave technology; it would be argued to be a torture device and not as crowd control, can you imagine what would have happened if we had this technology is use as crowd control for the 2010 G8-G20 summit in Toronto, when laws (Local, Provincial & National) were broken.

I can see police utilizing, body scanners, gun control, gun recognition technology, OICW weapons, unmanned drones, body armor and smells and sound.  We have some of that now, sound & water cannons, smoke & tear gas and robotic devices which look at suspicious or potential explosive devices.

These devices are designed to omit load sounds or odors to disrupt, confuse, disorient, disburse and quell riots.

Are Police Body Scanners Coming to a Street Near You?

With the Jan-2012 US Supreme Court ruling on GPS tracking by police, privacy in the digital age is getting more and more attention. The next issue the justices might have to tackle is whether or not it’s constitutional to use other forms of surveillance — including mobile body scanning technology, which the New York Police Department is set to begin testing this year.

The scanners work by reading a body’s ‘heat signature,” which does not pass through solid metal objects (such as guns or knives). The technology is also being looked at whether or not it would detect smaller items such as hypodermic needles or syringes, so when a suspect is scanned, the system alerts officers to the threat of potential weapons and protect them from harm of being pricked and contaminated.

Currently, the scanners need to be about 3 or 4 feet from a suspect to get an accurate reading, which brings the officer within an unsafe distant to use the device. But the NYPD is working with the U. S. Department of Defense to increase that range to 80 feet, allowing a scanning unit to be mounted on top of a police vehicle and monitor suspects from a safe & secure distance.

It could be argued that body scanning technology is a less invasive way for the NYPD to administer its “stop-and-frisk” policy, which grants officers the power to detain and check anyone for weapons or other contraband as long as the police deem them “suspicious. ”

Stop-and-frisk has received negative feedback from privacy advocates and other interest groups. According to the policy’s detractors, not only does it invade the privacy of innocent people who might look subjectively suspicious, it also puts officers in needless danger.

Body scanners may reduce the instances of invasive person-to-person encounters between police and suspects, and could conceivably eliminate the stop-and-frisk entirely. But the technology also opens a Pandora’s box of privacy issues.

The NYPD would be able to digitally scan whomever they chose, which could well be a violation of the unreasonable search and seizure protection written into the Fourth Amendment.

The benefits of the technology as a law enforcement tool are obvious, but so are the potential privacy trade-offs. With its recent ruling on GPS tracking by police, The Supreme Court has signaled that it’s ready to dig deeper into digital surveillance law. We’re looking forward to hearing what the justices have to say about body scanning. It could open the door to a whole new way for police and citizens to interact with technology.


Watch-Controlled Gun: Future Weapon of Choice for Law Enforcement?

Anyone can fire a gun. That being said, it’s a common fear among gun holders that their gun will fall into the wrong hands.  But thanks to Armatix, a German firm that created the next generation of guns safety, this worry might be a thing of the past.

This new safety feature outfits the guns owner with a custom wristwatch that sends out a signal to enable or disable the gun’s shot function. The way it works is that if the gun is within a few inches of the watch, a green light lights up on the gun meaning its ready to fire. But if the wristwatch gets too far away from the watch, a red light goes off which locks up the gun and prevents it from firing. This is great for law enforcement since if a criminal somehow manages to steal the gun from a police officer, he won’t be able to use it without the watch on his wrist.

As of right now, this gun is on sale for about 7,000 Euros and is expected to ship next month. Since the price is pretty steep, the gun will probably not catch on until properly tested but this advancement has potential to become standard on all future guns.

How about Weapon Recognition Technology!

The New York Police Department is looking into adapting futuristic technology that would allow an officers guns to recognize one an other in an effort to avoid the type of friendly fire incident that left a police officer dead.

The Police Commissioner asked his inner circle to compile a list of department initiatives which would help prevent confrontations between fellow officers, when a fellow police officer was accidently killed as he chased a burglary suspect. The officer had just left work and was dressed in street clothes and had his service weapon drawn. Three plainclothes detectives came upon the scene and when the officer turned and was ordered by fellow Officer to stop, he was shot as a perceived threat according to the NYPD.

On Friday, Paul Browne, the deputy commissioner for public information at the NYPD, said the department is talking with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory about the possibility of tailoring technology for the department.

Some of the options currently being investigated are as follows.

The use of radio frequency tags that would allow officers to pinpoint where other cops are in the city,

Tags that would work gun-to-gun and use an infrared sensor: When a weapon is pulled from an officer's holster it would trigger a signal that would be sent to the gun of a nearby officer. The signal may be seen or heard.

The research is very preliminary. A spokesman for the federal lab said some of the ideas floated by the department, like the use of radio frequency tags, may not work.

"We are scheduled to talk with the department next week," said Pacific Northwest National Laboratory spokesman Geoff Harvey. "Up for discussion will be ideas, capabilities and their limitations. ... 'Why won't this work?' will likely be part of the talk."

The suggestions were among a list sent to city leaders. It also included suggestions on training, such as updating the training video for officers, conducting a firearms refresher course and offering training specific to undercover officers.

Also, the department suggested having anti-crime officers visit and introduce themselves to officers. Officer Andrew Dunton, who fired the shots that killed Edwards, was a member of the anti-crime unit along with the two other officers at the scene.

Armed with $2 million in federal grants, researchers at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) are close to perfecting the first commercially viable "smart gun." The prototype pistol, unveiled last month, is designed to recognize specific people's grips. When seized by an unauthorized hand-say, that of a child or a criminal-the gun locks its shooting mechanism.

The gun relies on Dynamic Grip Recognition, a biometric technology embedded in its handle. Sensors and microprocessors analyze the complex interplay of bones and muscles involved in pulling the trigger, all in a fraction of a second. "The way you hold a gun, curl your fingers, contract your hand muscles as you pull the trigger-all of those measurements are unique," says Donald Sebastian, vice president for research and development at NJIT.

Gun-safety advocates hail the device as a way to significantly reduce the estimated 29,000 firearm deaths in the U.S. each year, although some gun-rights advocates worry that the technology could prove more error-prone than traditional guns. Sebastian says the NJIT prototype currently has a failure rate of 1 in 100 trigger pulls, but his team aims to improve that rate to 1 in 10,000-the Pentagon's standard for military weapons-by increasing the number of grip sensors from 32 to "hundreds" and further refining the pattern-recognition software. If all goes well, Sebastian expects a commercial version by 2008.

Educating the Smart Gun

Users will probably Program the NJIT gun at a local police station's firing range. During the registration process, the owner will test-fire the weapon 10 times. Each trigger pull will activate the pressure sensors embedded in the gun's handle. Microprocessors will analyze the data and create a permanent profile of the user's grip.

Other Technologies Being Developed Or Investigated.

Metamaterial Cloaking Camouflage

Cloak and Dagger is an excellent platform for usage, and maybe even a potential brand name for this technology, which at its current stage employs hundreds of thousands of mirrored holographic discs to blend into an environment. The potential for operatives and entry teams to avoid detection by sight makes it almost an unfair fight. Law enforcement by fear alone? It’s a distinct possibility that simply knowing law enforcement can act counter to a criminal without their knowledge could decrease criminal activity at even the highest threat levels. Currently only in its infancy, metamaterial cloaking is one of the more widely desired, and closely watched, technologies especially in the law enforcement space, as it has the opportunity to have the single biggest impact on human personnel and law enforcement procedure of any other conceived technology. Future designs will likely include a combination of shape changing liquids/materials and highly faceted reflective discs which can also absorb color and light to further disguise the user in a more natural way.

Lets thank Predator and Harry Potter for the inspiration here, and within the decade it may provide an amazing supplement to law enforcement agencies in the fight against terror, and all manner of other criminal activity.

Nanotechnology

In some circles, Nanotechnology is being dubbed the future of just about everything; these “critters” have the potential to rule the future of law enforcement in ways that span from the mundane to the inconceivable. From fabrics so slick they can resist and prevent knife thrusts, to nano tech fingerprint rendering from cases decades old, this technology has so many possibilities that it couldn’t possibly be quantified at the current level of understanding. Nanotechnology can improve everything from bullet proof armored fabrics, to the effect bullets have on the body once coming in contact with a target’s flesh, to reproducing latent evidence from crime scenes by using biological remnants of DNA and other particles. Biologically enhanced weapons can further be strengthened and even controlled using nanotechnology, allowing for drastic changes to the cloak and dagger world of spy games. Nanotechnology gives law enforcement hope of one day operating with a lower rate of failure and risk by being able to control outcomes, and protect against changing threats with legions of tiny “bugs” to carry out the dirty work. Nanotechnology – creating a new respect for the scrubbing bubbles in bathrooms all across the nation.

       

Exoskeleton HULC Suit/Robocop

Half man, half robot, all cop. Exoskeleton armor has been in existence to brutal effect for thousands of years – Think Cockroaches and Crabs. It’s pretty difficult to mortally wound a cockroach, and even if it happens, the roach can still function with amazing capabilities for up to a few months. The HULC suit is another product in the Military to Law Enforcement distribution model. It’s a power assisted suit of armor which can be combined with other pieces of defensive and offensive technology to make hybrid law enforcement personnel. It can sense the direction that a wearer wants to move in, and help propel them forward towards their target. It can prevent muscle strain and over usage by deploying special enhancements to lighten the load on the human inside of it. It runs on jet fuel for 72 hours, and enhances strength, speed, endurance and, most likely, morale for all involved on the same side as the suit. The coolest part about the HULC suit? It’s not the only suit on the market, the Sarcos suit is another viable contender for the space, with the only operational difference being the power supply and some additional enhancements. The six million dollar man and Robocop might look cool, but this suit defines cool. It’s the coolest new technology, and probably on the top of every gadget lover’s wish list.

Microwave Technologies ADS

Has a chicken breast ever gone into a microwave oven without an absolute massacre being the end result? The ADS system (Active Denial System) aims to do the same thing to pesky rioters, high risk threats, and otherwise heavily shielded and protected targets. Now in its advanced testing stages within the military facilities, it’s entirely likely that Law enforcement will be the number one consumer of this technology for its unmatched abilities within the riot and mob control scenario. High frequency targeted microwaves are projected at an offender sparking a reaction in the water carrying (read: all) molecules and fatty tissues, causing the target to heat up from the inside out. Immediately, the target is unable to continue in the same fashion as before, they are in immense pain, and too uncomfortable to continue as a threat. It provides a biological reaction in the body, incapacitating the target and rendering them effectively useless for a longer period of time than other “non-lethal” methods.

Dragon Skin Armor

The material technology has existed for decades, but the build specific technology is truly futuristic. If there is such a thing as futuristic dragons, that is. Dragon skin achieves a level of personnel protection unmatched by current techniques and materials by utilizing a stacked, scaled design to provide layers of fabric based lightweight ballistic armor, combined with high strength ceramic armored composites. Dragon Skin, a brand name produced by Pinnacle Armor allows movement (light weight, flexible, form fitting), and unmatched ballistic protection (nearly three times the protection for the same weight). With top secret development facilities, and a ton of VC and Government funding options, Dragon skin looks poised to bring the future of infantry combat to the here and now. Because of the unique combinations of materials and the top-secret design elements, the makers and testers of this futuristic armor claim that the armor can mitigate both penetration potential, AND blunt force absorption of muzzle energy, allowing Military and law enforcement users protection against high velocity, high mass ammunition’s fired from small arms. This technology truly skews the playing field in favor of law enforcement agencies.

OICW Gun

After a brutal standoff in Los Angeles, Ca, where local law enforcement were forced to borrow firepower from local gun shops to level the odds against a heavily fortified and well equipped duo of bank robbers, agencies began to adopt Military weapons systems as standard equipment. The OICW XM-8 and XM-29 should be no exception when it is released for production.

It’s likely that the project will debut in late 2012. Aside from having an intimidating look, the OICW Bullpup style weapon combines an infantry rifle with a 25 mm grenade launcher capable of firing the next generation of HEI-T (High-Explosive Incendiary with tracer) ammunition. These are being dubbed the ammunition of the future with the capability of using range defined explosive charges to allow for a complete weapon system to be carried by law enforcement officers who are given one, but I see this device being used by SWAT teams to give them added firepower.

The ammunition can be dialed in to do any number of “tricks” including: exploding over a target (like a wall), entering into a building before exploding, and range finding the enemy for strategic maneuvers from over 400 meters away. With qualities like this, it blows video game arsenals out of the water, and provides law enforcement with firepower never before seen.

Unmanned Drones

Perhaps the future of SWAT protection and drug enforcement agencies, unmanned drones and robots allow law enforcement to obtain surveillance and complete missions without being in harm’s way, and without introducing the potential for human error into the mix.

Drones can currently: provide high quality images and video, track targets of extreme interest from beyond detectable ranges, and even complete tactical bombing runs, in law enforcement this would be tear gas or concussion grenades. This is just the start. As the technologies continue to improve, agencies someday see entire offensives completed by unmanned “cost effective” (relative to current technologies) drones with multiple purposes.

Currently the drones are typically singular in purpose, used for a very specific jobs and only great at one thing. Future models promise more capabilities, and even more precision for mission completion. Unmanned drones are currently are quickly being snapped up by law enforcement agencies to assist in ever more dangerous situations.

   

Metabolic Supplements

The future of energy science also includes supplements for human consumption, which can tailor the energy needs of a law enforcement officer to the support he has available. The ability to forget about having to support fundamental human needs could offer an incredible enhancement to the future law enforcement agent.

Being able to control which energy gets used where, allows (theoretically) agents and officers to be faster, stronger smarter, and longer lasting than the opposition. It’s a bit like Viagra for the entire body. Products and procedures which would allow the genetic re-engineering of the metabolism, it makes it possible for an officer or agent to function at peak capacity without the need to stop and eat, or even worry about eating for days at a time. In reality it’s not as far-fetched as it may seem. Scientists in several well respected labs have already made excellent headway in developing injections that can re-engineer human metabolic processes.

Smells and Sounds

Stink bombs? Really? Yes, Really.

The first generation of riot controlling sound and scent based deterrents are in use now with an excellent track record and several high profile successful victories. Last year in one of the most dangerous waterways anywhere on the globe, pirates attempting to board a civilian cruise ship were effectively deterred with a sound producing device made to keep birds from doing their business in sensitive areas.

These machines which aim highly concentrated sound waves at potential threats render the target unable to use hands as they cover their ears. Called LRAD (Long Range acoustic device – pictured below), the equipment can provide accurate and effective deterrence for riot control and secured building defense. It projects a 95+ decibel sound profile at the target causing immediate inefficiency, and requiring the target to seek a different position or change their once aggressive stance to that of a grandmother in front of a speaker at a rock concert.

Future versions boast longer ranges, wider effective fields of sound, and more intense sound projection. Combined with other emerging technologies, like scent based deterrents which can cause vomiting, inability to focus, dulling of sensory capability, and a desire to relocate, this technology can be effective riot control or defense for a high risk area.

Scents are now starting in the test phases for effectiveness and potential replacement of high pressure water hoses and rubber and bean bag projectiles for such situations. Scents like Skunk, and feces, and even some concentrations of more commonly-thought-of-as-pleasant chemicals can incapacitate in some cases. In almost all cases, they can break down a target’s will to maintain an aggressive position. Smell has the unique ability to both build up and break down barriers simultaneously depending on how they are used.

Pittsburg, San Diego & RCMP Police Departments Pictured Below.

       

More Sound Devices.

A device, called the Mosquito, emits a high-frequency pulsing sound that can be heard by people younger than 20 and almost nobody older than 30. The sound is designed to so irritate young people, so that after a few minutes, they cannot stand it and go away. It works because the body's ability to detect the Sonic Deterrent's frequency, diminishes after 20, adults are completely immune.

It sounds to youngsters like a demented insect or a very badly-played violin.  It annoys teenagers so intensely they have to clutch their ears. Eventually they can stand it no longer and have to move on.  So far the device has only been tested in one place - the local Spar in Barry (a great place to find hoards of chavs). According to the shop owner the results were instantaneous and there are now no layabouts to be found.

Howard Stapleton, a businessman and former electronics apprentice at British Aerospace, who was sick of youths hanging around outside his shop, came up with the idea. Police are backing the Sonic Teenager Deterrent, nicknamed the Mosquito because of its sound.

The £622 black box, which can be attached to the outside wall of shops, offices and homes, sends out 80-decibel bursts of pulsing sounds at up to 16khz.

Working in his bedroom in Merthyr Tydfil, and using his four children as guinea pigs, he came up with a prototype of his device and asked the local shop to test it.

'I got it so that only my kids hated it and my fiancée and I were completely unperturbed, 'he said.' We put up the prototype outside the store and almost immediately people stopped congregating.

'The beauty of it is that the noise does not have to be loud, just pitched at the right level which affects teenagers.'

Recently several countries has started looking into getting these devices removed as they are seen as a breach of personal rights. The law may state no loitering, but it does not specify where and these devices are no being challenged as unconstitutional as they target a specific group.

       

Scenting Devices

The next time you go shopping or visit a hotel, pull yourself away from the auditory and visual barrage of ambient music and advertisements and take a good whiff of the air around you. You might notice a faint scent -- maybe the stimulating smell of jasmine at a boutique or relaxing lavender at a hotel. The smell will be barely perceptible: something you wouldn't have noticed if you hadn't been paying close attention. But businesses are hoping these almost subliminal scents will draw you into a serene state -- prompting you to relax, buy more and, ideally, remember their brands.

Scent marketing is the latest frontier in an advertising landscape that has nearly exhausted the possibilities of auditory and visual marketing. The retailers, hotels and restaurants that contract with scent companies hope that distinctive, carefully considered smells will help amplify consumer spending, attract customers and create memorable brands. Some businesses even consider scents an integral part of their overall image, along with music, logos and decor.

It can be in the form of your favorite coffee from a coffee shop, or flowers from a flower store, it could be bread from a bakery and so on. So next time stop and take a look around and see if you spot an odor emitting device and make sure your nose is not pulling you in for a sale you had not intended to do.

       

As you can see technology is expanding not only sight (Security Camera's), but also within our other senses, sound, touch, taste and smell. The devices currently being explored are within our reach and may in some cases already have been deployed.  You should begin by arming your house or business with a security camera, so why not check out our MPcam F-Series MPF-7018.

Tags } ADT,ADT Security Blogs,Blog,Blogs,Foscam,Foscam Security Blogs,Furture Tech,Future,Future Law Enforcement,Law,Law Enforcement,MPcam,MPcam Blogs,Recent Blogs,Recent IP Camera Security Blogs.Recent IP Camera Blogs,Recent Security Blogs,Security,Security Advances,Security Blog,Security Blogs,Security Developments